Bed bugs are becoming an increasingly common nuisance in homes and businesses. These insects are parasites that feed on the blood of humans. Domesticated animals can also be targeted. Bed bugs are primarily nocturnal, and the host is usually not disturbed during the feeding process.
Signs of a Bed Bug Infestation
Most bed bug infestations are discovered because residents of the infested home find bed bug bites. Bites commonly occur around the face and neck, but other areas of the body can be affected. Signs of being bitten include redness and irritation. Other signs of an infestation include blood smears on bed sheets or furniture, small spots of fecal matter, or the sighting of actual bed bugs around furniture or dark crevices. The most common location for bed bugs in the bedroom, but other areas of the home can become infested.
Bed Bug Damage
Most bed bug bites result in irritation, but signs of an allergic reaction can occur in some individuals. Bed bugs are capable of being infected with multiple human pathogens, and the ability to transmit diseases to humans is currently unknown. Damage to furniture or the home is usually minimal, but the presence of fecal matter, egg casings, and other debris is undesirable.
Controlling Bed Bugs
Bed bugs are notoriously difficult to control. These insects are resistant to many store-bought and homemade pesticides. Physical removal through vacuuming is effective against individual bugs, but the overall infestation is unlikely to be eliminated. To properly diagnose and manage a bed bug infestation, professional assistance is recommended. Bed bug experts can recommend an appropriate treatment and offer tips to prevent future infestations.